Clothing cleaning book

Clothes Care
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The way the laundry does not fade
Colored clothing will fade, which is related to the nature of dyes and printing and dyeing technology. For example, most dyes are easily dissolved in water (especially in soap, hot water and alkaline water). Dyes are also susceptible to fading by sunlight when wet. The combination of dye and fiber lines is not strong enough to wash and fade.
In order to make the fabric not lose color, first, wash it lightly; second, wash it with soapy water and alkaline water, you must put some salt in the water (one bucket and one teaspoon); third, rinse it with water immediately after washing. Do not use soap or alkali for a long time or residual clothing; Fourth, do not expose to the sun, dry in a cool, ventilated place.
Fancy clothes fade
Stripe cloth or standard cloth dyed with direct dyes, the general color adhesion is relatively poor, it is best to add a little salt in the water when washing, first wash the clothes in the solution for 10-15 minutes before washing, can prevent or Reduce fading.
The blue cloth dyed with sulfurized fuel generally has a strong adhesion to the color, but the abrasion resistance is relatively poor. Therefore, it is best to soak in the detergent for 15 minutes, rinse gently with your hands, and rinse with water. Do not use the enamel plate to avoid whitish cloth.
The green cloth dyed with oxidized fuel is generally dyed relatively strong and shiny, but it is easy to be greenish when it encounters a reducing gas such as gas. Therefore, do not put the washed green cloth clothes on the stove to bake.
Although the color fastness dyed by Shihlin fuel is better, the color is generally attached to the cotton gauze surface. Therefore, wearing such a color cloth should prevent friction and prevent the white color of the cotton yarn from being exposed, resulting in serious fading and whitening.
Cleverly remove the candle oil on the clothes
First use a knife to gently scrape off the surface wax, then use the two pieces of grass paper to support the stains up and down, iron two or three times with the iron, use the heat of the iron to melt the vinegar in the cloth fiber, the dissolved vinegar oil is absorbed by the grass paper . Repeated several times, the candle can be removed.
Cleverly remove the chewing gum on the clothes
For the chewing gum on the clothes, you can use a knife to scrape off, take the eggs and wipe them on the remains to make them loose, then wipe them one by one, and finally wash them in soapy water and wash them with water.
The stained area can be smeared with carbon tetrachloride, washed and then placed in soapy water, rinsed with water.
Cleverly remove lipstick stains on clothing
If the clothes are dyed with lipstick, you can use a small brush to rub the gasoline gently, remove the oil stains, and then wash off with a warm detergent solution.
Severe stains can be washed in the gasoline and then washed with detergent solution.
In addition to the sweat on the clothes
Immerse the clothes in 10% concentrated brine, soak for 1-2 hours, remove and rinse with water. Be careful not to use hot water as it will set the protein to solidify.
A dilute ammonia or borax solution with a weak acidity of 3.5% can also be washed away. Wipe with 3-5% acetic acid solution, rinse with cold water.
It is not advisable to use ammonia water for wool and wool fabrics. It can be washed with lemon instead. In addition to citric acid, silk fabrics can also be wiped off with cotton lumps and colorless gasoline.
In addition to the blood stains on the clothes
When it is contaminated, it should be washed immediately with cold water or light salt water (hot water is forbidden, because the blood contains protein, it will solidify when it is hot, it is not easy to dissolve), and then washed with soap or 10% potassium iodide solution.
The blood on the clothes can be removed by mixing the salt with white robe or mashed carrots.
Use a 10% tartaric acid solution to test the stain and wash it with cold water.
It is very effective to remove blood stains with enzyme washing powder.
If the staining time is longer, wash it with cold water. If it is still not clean, wash it with 10-15% oxalic acid solution, and finally rinse with water.
Whether it is a new trace or a trace, it can be cleaned with sulfur saponin.
Cleverly remove the plaster on the clothes
Add a few drops of water with alcohol (or sorghum wine), place it in a place with plaster stains, wait until the plaster is cleaned, rinse with water, or use the roasted white crucible, then wash with water.
Wash with trichloroaluminum, wash with detergent, and then rinse with water.
Sprinkle the surface with the edible alkali, add some warm water, and rub it several times to remove it.
If the alkali surface is placed in the iron spoon and heated to the stain, and then warmed with water, the decontamination is faster.
Clever removal of potassium permanganate on clothing
Use a piece of vitamin C to rub some water on the stain, and the purple-red stain of potassium permanganate can be removed.
Ignore the iodine stains on the clothes
For iodine stains, first wet the starch with starch (the starch immediately turns black with iodine), then gently wash it off with soapy water.
Light iodine stains can be used with hot water or alcohol, or with potassium iodide solution. Concentrated iodine can be immersed in 15-20% of the hot warm solution, about 2 hours, and then rinsed with water.
In addition to the red and purple water stains on the clothes
Red medicine water stains can be washed first with white vinegar, then rinsed with water.
The red medicinal water stains are first washed with a warm detergent solution, then treated with oxalic acid and potassium permanganate, respectively, and finally decolorized with oxalic acid and then washed with water.
First, soak the red drug in the water and then wash it with glycerin. Then wash it with ammonia-containing soap. If you add a few drops of dilute acetic acid and wash it with soap, the effect is better.
To treat the purple water stain, you can dilute a small amount of insurance powder with boiling water and wipe it with a small brush. Repeatedly scrub with powder and water until it is removed (mack, dyed clothing, silk and direct dyes)
Remove the mildew on the clothes
The mildew on the clothes can be exposed to sunlight, then cleaned with a brush, then washed with alcohol, or washed with mung bean sprouts.
After soaking the clothes contaminated with mildew stains into the thick soapy water, take them out with soapy water, expose them to the sun for a while, and then dip them several times. After the mold spots are removed, rinse them off with water.
Wipe with 2% soap alcohol solution (250 g alcohol with a soft soap and stir well), then wipe with a bleach of 3-5% sodium hypochlorite or with hydrogen peroxide, and then wash. This method is limited to white clothing, which can be soaked in solution for 1 hour.
It can also be wiped with 5% ammonia water or turpentine, and then washed with water to remove.
Silk clothing can be washed with lemon and then rinsed with cold water.
Mildew stains on hemp fabrics can be washed with calcium chloride solution.
The stains on the wool can also be washed with mustard solution or sand solution (two tablespoons of mustard in a bucket of water or two tablespoons of borax).
The butter stain on the clothes is mainly washed with benzene, carbon tetrachloride and volatile oil. If the yellow color is not clean, it can be washed off with alcohol or ammonia.
Exclude protein and egg yolk stains on clothing
New stains in egg liquid can be soaked in cold water for a while, until the egg liquid softens from the solidified state, and then gently rubbed with water to remove. If it is not clean, take a few yeasts, sprinkle it on the stains, and then wash it with water to remove it.
To eliminate protein stains, wash them first with detergent or ammonia. If you put some fresh radish silk before starting, the effect is better; you can also wash it with strong tea and then wash it with warm washing liquid.
To remove the yolk stains, first remove the fat with a volatile solvent such as gasoline, and then use the above method to remove the protein. It can also be rubbed with slightly hot (35 degrees) glycerin, then washed with warm water and soap alcohol mixed solution, and finally rinsed with water.
The egg yolk stain on the silk fabric can be cleaned with a mixture of 10% ammonia water, 20 parts glycerin and 20 parts water, scrubbed with cotton balls or gauze, and rinsed with water.
In addition to the sputum and coffee stains on the clothes
Contaminated by these beverages, it can be removed immediately by washing with 70-80% hot water. Old tea traces can be washed with concentrated brine or with a mixture of ammonia and glycerin (1:10). Silk and wool fabrics are banned from ammonia, can be rubbed with 10% glycerin solution, washed with detergent and rinsed with water.
Old tea and coffee traces can be wiped with a mixture of glycerin and egg yolk. After a little dry, rinse with water. Or apply glycerin to the stains, sprinkle with a few borax, and dip in boiling water. It can also be wiped with diluted ammonia water, borax and warm water.
The old coffee traces can be tested with 3% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide, washed with water, or with salt or glycerin solution.
In addition to the ink, ink on the clothes
If it is contaminated by ink, you can use detergent first. For red pigments, it can be washed away in the alcohol temperature with caustic potash. However, for viscose fabrics, only caustic soda can be banned using alcohol.
When the wool or fabric is stained with ink, it should be washed with hot water or boiling water, then washed with soapy water, then rinsed with water to clean. Never wash with cold water, as this will immerse the color in the fiber and it will be difficult to wash it.
Cleverly remove rust from clothing
Rub the stain with 15% acetic acid solution (15% tartaric acid solution), or soak the contaminated part in the solution, and rinse it with water the next day. The stain was wetted with 10% citric acid solution or 10% oxalic acid solution, then bubbled into concentrated brine and rinsed the next day.
White cotton and cotton-weaved fabrics are stained with rust. Take a small amount of oxalic acid (available at the pharmacy) and place it on the stain. Dip some warm water, gently rub it, and then rinse it off with water. Be careful to avoid operation and avoid corrosion.
The easiest way: If you have fresh lemon, you can squeeze out the juice and rub it on the rust stains, and repeat it several times until the rust stains are removed, then wash it with soapy water.
Cleverly remove paint and asphalt from clothing
If it is stained with solvent-based paint (such as Yongming paint, Sanbao paint, etc.), immediately use a cloth or cotton swab to rub with gasoline, kerosene or thinner, then wash with detergent solution. If it is stained with water-soluble paint (such as water-soluble paint, latex paint) and household interior wall paint, wash it off with water.
If the paint or asphalt is contaminated, if the time is not long, the dirt has not solidified, and it can be washed with turpentine (or benzene and gasoline). Old stains (coagulated) can be first soaked in a mixture of ether and turpentine (1:1). After the stains become soft (about 10 minutes), wash with gasoline or benzoquinone, and then rinse with water.
If the clothes are stained with asphalt, the asphalt can be scraped off with a knife and slightly dip in carbon tetrachloride (available in the pharmacy) or removed by hot water.
Remove paint or asphalt and other stains, still use 10-20% ammonia (also add half of the ammonia turpentine) or soak with 2% borax solution, after washing and then wash. Another method is to immerse in benzene or toluene, dip and re-wash.
If the nylon fabric is stained with paint, it is possible to apply lard, then dip with detergent and rinse off with water.
In addition to the ball oil on the clothes
Immerse the stain in warm water (40 °C) with benzene or with cotton phenolphthalein, then wash with detergent and rinse with warm water (warm water).
Soak the stains with cold water, gently wipe with carbon tetrachloride or acetone, then rinse off with warm water.
When the stain is deep, you can use gasoline to wipe first, then use 95 % alcohol to brush. If there are still traces, you need to use bleach to wash. Finally, use toothpaste and soap to gently rub, then rinse with water. However, it is strictly forbidden to use boiling water.

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